Article in Journal

The distinctive effect of different insect powders as meat extenders in beef burgers subjected to cooking and in vitro gastrointestinal digestion

Rocchetti, G., Leni, G., Rebecchi, A., Dordoni, R., Giuberti, G., & Lucini, L.

Food Chemistry, 2024, 442, 138422

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Mealworm (MWP), migratory locust (LP), and house cricket (CP) are novel foods recently authorized by the European Commission. This work tested their powders as meat extenders at 5% inclusion in beef burgers. Insect powders were abundant in phenolics, recording the highest values in LP (1184.9 μg/g). The sensory analysis highlighted a higher visual and olfactory acceptability for MWP-burgers, followed by CP- and LP-burgers, whereas the texture of cooked burgers remained unaffected. Following pan-cooking, MWP-burgers and control exhibited comparable chemical profiles, while a significant down-accumulation of the heterocyclic amine 2-Amino-3,8-dimethylimidazo[4,5-f]quinoxaline was observed in CP-burgers. In vitro gastrointestinal digestion highlighted metabolomic trends like control for MWP- and LP-burgers. In contrast, a reduced accumulation of lipids and increased content of dipeptides like glutaminylarginine (possibly acting as enzyme modulators) was observed for the CP-burgers.

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Food quality and nutrition

To push towards sustainable and tailored food and nutrition

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